The following areas of study often use Chicago or Turabian citation style: history, humanities, religion, peace, justice & conflict studies, and social and natural sciences.
The final authority for these styles are the books listed below. The final authority for the bibliographic form used in your paper is your professor.
As of their 16th and 8th editions, Chicago and Turabian style guides include the same rules for citations and bibliographies. The primary difference is the Turabian style is a condensed version of the full Chicago Manual of Style created for student writers.
In a printed work, if a URL or DOI has to be broken at the end of a line, the break should be made after a colon or a double slash (//); before a single slash(/), a tilde (~), a period, a comma, a hyphen, an underline (_), a question mark, a number sign, or a percent symbol; or before or after an equals sign or an ampersand....A hyphen should never be added to a URL or DOI to denote a line break, nor should a hyphen that is part of a URL or DOI appear at the end of a line.
There are two common forms of citation for these styles:
1. Chicago Notes-Bibliography / Bibliography Style (used mainly in humanities and some social sciences)
This style requires footnotes (or endnotes) and a bibliography. The first time a source appears in a footnote, the full citation is given. The second and subsequent times that source is listed only the author's last name, an abbreviated title and the page number need to be included.
2. Chicago Author-Date / Reference List Style (used in most social sciences and natural and physical science)
This style uses parenthetical citation as sources come up in the text, but only lists the full source in the references list at the end of the paper.
4. Neil J. Smelser, Handbook of Economic Sociology (Princeton: Princeton Univ
Press, 2014), 83.
Smelser, Neil J. Handbook of Economic Sociology. Princeton: Princeton University
Book association as author:
2. African Development Bank Group, Structural Transformation and Natural Resources
(Paris: OECD Publications, 2013), 55.
African Development Bank Group. Structural Transformation and Natural Resources. Paris:
OECD Publications, 2013.
Essay by one author in a book edited by another author:
6. John Fea, “Intellectual Hospitality as Historical Method: Moving beyond the Activist
Impuse,” in The Activist Impulse: Essays on the Intersection of Evangelicalism and Anabaptism,
ed. Jared Burkholder and David Cramer (Eugene: Pickwick Publications, 2012), 81.
Fea, John. “Intellectual Hospitality as Historical Method: Moving beyond the Activist Impulse.”
In The Activist Impulse: Essays on the Intersection of Evangelicalism and Anabaptism, edited
by Jared Burkholder and David Cramer, 74-100. Eugene: Pickwick Publications, 2012.
3. Julia Kasdorf, "Mighter than the Sword: Martyrs Mirror in the New World," Conrad Grebel
Review 31, no. 1 (2013): 62.
Kasdorf, Julia. "Mighter than the Sword: Martyrs Mirror in the New World." Conrad Grebel Review
31, no.1 (2013): 44-70.
1. Ps. 139:13-16 NAB.
You do not need to include the Bible in your bibliography.
5. Lincoln, directed by Steven Spielberg. (2012; Universal City: DreamWorks Pictures,
Lincoln. Directed by Steven Spielberg 2012. Universal City: DreamWorks Pictures, 2013. DVD.
7. Jan Bender Shetler, "Tanzania," (lecture, Goshen College, Goshen, IN January 23, 2000).
Shetler, Jan Bender. "Tanzania." Lecture at Goshen College, Goshen, IN, January 23, 2000.
Full text journal article from a database:
Include the stable URL or DOI (DOI preferred) listed with the article.
3. Ervin Beck, “Postcolonial Complexity in the Writings of Rudy Wiebe,” MFS Modern Fiction
Studies 47, no. 4 (2001): 859, accessed December 2, 2013, doi:10.1353/mfs.2001.0071.
5. Gil Friedman, “Commercial Pacifism and Protracted Conflict: Models from the
Palestinian-Israeli Case,” The Journal of Conflict Resolution 49, no. 3 (2005): 372,
accessed October 13, 2008, http://www.jstor.org/stable/30045119.