Information in research papers and writing borrowed from other sources must be documented. This includes quotations, summaries, paraphrases, or any facts or ideas that are not common knowledge.
Some disciplines have their own styles for documenting sources. Check your course syllabus, assignment, or with your professor about which style to use.
Examples of styles used at Goshen College:
Citation managers are programs that help you track citations and research. The main purpose is to record citation information and store PDF files so that you do not have to track down items multiple times.
If you have an extensive project that involves a lot of research and spans several semesters or courses, then a citation management program might be useful to you!
Zotero is a free easy-to-use tool that can help you manage your citations. Contact Librarian Erin Milanese (erinm, x 7426) if you have specific questions about citation management programs.
A DOI (Digitial Object Identifier) is a unique code for an electronic document. The DOI will never change, even even if the URL changes.
Some citation formats require the DOI if there is one.
To look for a document's DOI: crossref.org.
To find a document using the DOI: click on the DOI or go to doi®.
Not finding what you need? Visit, IM, call, or email a librarian. We're here to help you succeed!
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These tools can help you generate citations in different styles, however be sure to double check all citations for accuracy!