Skip to Main Content

CORE 162: Investigating Epidemics

Citing Sources

Citations are the basic, pertinent information needed to find the full text of a publication, usually the author name, title of book or journal, date and place of publication.

Image Credit: Wikipedia Protester by xkcd under CC BY-NC 2.5

Four Ways to Incorporate Other People's Ideas

Summary: When you provide a brief version of what you learned from the source document.

Not everyone who wanders is necessarily lost (Tolkien 182).

Paraphrase: When you restate an idea from the source document using your own words.

In Lord of the Rings, Tolkien speaks about wandering adventurers who may seem lost, but instead are on a personal quest (182).

Quotation: When you use phrases or sentences exactly as they appear in the source document. Note the quotation marks.

J.R.R. Tolkien once wrote, “…not all those who wander are lost” (182).

Plagiarism: (Don't do this) Presenting another's words, analysis, interpretation or other creations as your own. Check out the Avoiding Plagiarism guide for more details.

When Should I Cite?

A flowchart that will help you decide whether you need to cite a particular source of information.

Image Credit: Should I cite? flowchart by University Library Service, Cardiff University under CC-BY

You should provide a citation whenever your writing is based on someone else's work.